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Wednesday, April 10, 2019

Meditation (Dhyan)


  • Meditation : 
Maharshi Patanjali has considered meditation as the seventh anga which is included in Antrang Yoga but after practising Bahirang angas continuosly it becomes easier to practise Antarang yoga.

The subject of Dharana and Meditation is the same : i.e. concentration of the mind. In Dharana, concentration of the mind is not maintained continuously, but the mind can be concentrated through constant practice. it is called Meditation


  • Type of Meditation :
In Goruksh method there is a description of two types of Meditation :

  1. Meditation with attributes
  2. Meditation without attributes

yoga vichar
  • Meditation with Attributes :
Meditation of which the subject is the three  attributive i.e. to meditate on Shri Vishnu, Fire, The Sun, Images etc. is called meditation with attributes

It is of three types :
(1) Feet Meditation
Meditation on feet of the God or Sadguru is called charan Meditation.
(2)Form Meditation
To meditate on the sun, moon, God-Goddess or shri sadguru and to see their form within heart with closed eyes is called the form meditation.
(3) Meditation on the tip of the nail
Join mutually fingers of both the hands performing kumbhak and keep both thumbs parallel to each other. Hold the hand high and arrange it such that it is in straight line of sight of the nail of the thumb. Keeping both the hands in the same position, bring them downward, while performing Rechak. At last, bring both hands in the lap. Mind that, during this whole process your vision should be on the tip of the nail of the thumb.

If your attention gets diverted in between, repeat the experiment from the very begining.

  • Meditation without Attributes :
The meditation of which the subject is Para-brahma beyond three attributes is called meditation without attributes

It is of four types :
(1) Meditation on tip of the nose : In this type of meditation the vision is to be made steady on the tip-part of the nose.
(2) Meditation on the mid-part of both the eye-brows : Sight is to be made steady on the mid-part of both the eyebrows.
(3) Chanting of Mantra-Chanting Meditation : Sight is to be on the tip of the nose and then to chant the mantra. It is called meditation with chanting of mantra.
(4) Breathing in and out. : The mind is to be made steady on respiration and then it is to be observed.

  • Form and importance of meditation in yoga :
When the sadhaka has developed purity of the mind through Bahirang yoga, then Meditation in Antrang yoga is possible. If mnturity is achieved in meditation, it becomes easy to achieve Samadhi stage. The sadhaka has to achieve condition of thouthtlessness of the mind through meditation. When the meditation disappears and there remain only the aim and meditation that  condition is nothing but meditation.

TheYoga-sadhan a keeping meditation in the centre is known as meditation-yoga.

In the adhyaya-6 of the Bhagvad-Gita, explanation about where to sit, how to sit in meditation is given.

The yogi stays in a lonely place, makes his mind steady and senses free from sensory subjects and tries to unite his Atma with the god.

  • Benefits of Meditation :
  1. By chanting 'omkar' the process of breathing becomes efficient. Blood-circulation, digestion and efficiency of nervous system improves.
  2. Negative thoughts are removed and low mental candition can be eradicated.
  3. Meditation makes breathing process easy and thereby gets relief in diseases like Asthma, hysteria, forgetfulness
  4. Happiness in the mind without reason, smile on face and humbleness of nature-this is the result of meditation.
  5. Bodily healthfulness is achieved and new diseases are kept aside 
  6. Power of remembrance and concentration is enhance mind becomes controlled.
  7. The practitioner Sadhaka of yoga becomes fearless and of sound mind.
  8. The sadhaka goes far ahead in the spiritual path and he comes and stands at the door of achieving God.


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