Introduction of Yoga :
We all are very much familiar with the word "Yoga". Nowdays this word has reached to each and very house through media like news papers and television. Yoga is an excellent gift presented to the world by the ancient India. It is an ever new science. Yoga is much more useful in the present times than it was in the ancient times. It is not that, yoga encourages only individual development. Hence, due to its important universal acceptance the United Nations Organization has declared the 21st june as an "International Yoga Day".
There is a description of yoga in many volumes of the oldest literature like vedas, upanishads etc. In fact, we can see six darshan traditions in the vedas. e.g. 1) Sankhya 2) Yoga 3) Nyay 4) Vaisheshik 5) Poorva Meemansa 6) Uttar Meemansa.
Yoga is not a shashtra but it is a Science of transforming life by knowing truth of life. In other words, yoga is a system of living life in which there is no place for insistence on one's own opinions. Yoga is unfailing medicine for complete all round development of all the aspects of human personality. Application and practice of yoga in the yoga classroom makes any student physically strong, mentally peaceful, intellectually brilliant, heartly delighted and sincere amd honest in his day to day life dealings.
Different terminologies and meaning of Yoga :
The form of yoga is so vast that it is difficult to bind it in any single definition.
The word "Yoga" is derived from the root Yuj in sanskrit. Its meaning is to join, to meet or to amalgamate yoga is to join the soul with the wordly great soul.
Maharshi Patanjli defines yoga in the second sootra of the first chapter of his first volume.i.e yoga is the ending of uncontrolled thoughts arising in our mind. Thus, the compiler author considers it 'mental' rather than physical. In reality yoga is also psychology. the aim of yoga is to make such thoughts still and firm that are useful in one's own development by removing useless thoughts through control of tendencies of mind.
Different approches of Yoga :
In our volumes the word "Yoga" has been used differently.The original meaning of yoga is to attain unity with great soul paramatma. There are different approaches to attain unity and their names are according to the approaches. eg. to attain unity through worship means Bhaktiyoga. This world is manifested form of God. According effort to attain unity through service of the world is Karmayoga. Effort to attain unity through the path of knowledge by getting understanding of the universe and its creator by intellect means Gyanyoga.Effort to attain unity by controling body, pran and mind means Rajyoga. The same is called Patanjali Yoga or simply "Yoga".
- Yoga is not for common people but only sadhu
- Yoga is a superhuman-divine subject
- Yoga means only Aasan, Pranayam
- Yoga means one type of exercise.
- Yoga means only medical diagnosis and treatment method.
- Yoga is a religious, communal subjects
- Yoga is a subject of reading discourse
- Yoga is for beauty
- Yoga is type of miracle.
Benefits of Yoga:
Yoga is science of both body and mind. Hence, it has achieved welcome and scientific acceptance all over the world. World health organization has emphasized yoga training as an important link of physical-mental health. Intelligence is naturally developed through ever practice of yoga.
The nervous system is a very important medium for achieving knowledge. Efficiency of a nervous system depends on the flexibility of the spine. the spine becomes flexible by performing Asans.
Yoga is a very important and useful subject. even then if it is accepted without any understanding unfavourable result may occur It, then, harms, rather than it benefits Yoga is a subject of direct experience instead of reading and lecturing. Hence, initialy yoga should be practised under the guidance of expert